History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, Volume Two

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Andrew Dickson White 1897
English
  • Chapter 13 - From Miracles to Medicine - Section 1 - The Early and Sacred Theories of Disease
  • Chapter 13 - Section 2 - Growth of Legends of Healing
  • Chapter 13 - Section 3 - The Mediaeval Miracles of Healing Check Medical Science
  • Chapter 13 - Section 4 - The Attribution of Disease to Satanic Influence
  • Chapter 13 - Section 5 - Theological Opposition to Anatomical Studies
  • Chapter 13 - Section 6 - New Beginnings of Medical Science
  • Chapter 13 - Section 7 - Theological Discouragement of Medicine
  • Chapter 13 - Section 8 - Fetish Cures under Protestantism - The Royal Touch
  • Chapter 13 - Section 9 - The Sciencific Struggle for Anatomy
  • Chapter 13 - Section 10 - Theological Opposition to Inoculation, Vaccination, and the use of Anasthetics
  • Chapter 13 - Section 11 - Final Breaking Away of Theological Theory in Medicine
  • Chapter 14 - From Fetish to Hygiene - Section 1 - The Theological View of Epidemics and Sanitation
  • Chapter 14 - Section 2 - Gradual Decay of Theological Views Regarding Sanitation
  • Chapter 14 - Section 3 - The Triumph of Sanitary Science
  • Chapter 14 - Section 4 - The Relation of Sanitary Science to Religion
  • Chapter 15 - From "Demoniacal Possesion" to Insanity - Section 1 - Theological Ideas of Lunacy and its Treatment
  • Chapter 15 - Section 2 - Beginnings of Healthful Scepticism
  • Chapter 15 - Section 3 - The Final Struggle and Victory of Science - Pinel and Tuke
  • Chapter 16 - From Diabolism to Hysteria - Section 1 - The Epidemics of "Possession"
  • Chapter 16 - Section 2 - Beginnings of Helpful Scepticism
  • Chapter 16 - Section 3 - Theological "Restatements" - Final Triumph of the Scientific View and Methods
  • Chapter 17 - From Babel to Comparative Philology - Section 1 - The Sacred Theory in its First Form
  • Chapter 17 - Section 2 - The Sacred Theory of Language in its Second Form
  • Chapter 17 - Section 3 - Breaking Down of the Theological View
  • Chapter 17 - Section 4 - Triumph of the New Science
  • Chapter 17 - Section 5 - Summary
  • Chapter 18 - From the Dead Sea Legends to Comparative Mythology - Section 1 - The Growth of Explanatory Transformation Myths
  • Chapter 18 - Section 2 - Mediaeval Growth of the Dead Sea Legends
  • Chapter 18 - Section 3 - Post-Reformation Culmination of the Dead Sea Legends - Beginnings of a Healthful Skepticism
  • Chapter 18 - Section 4 - Theological Efforts at Compromise - Triumph of the Scientific View
  • Chapter 19 - From Leviticus to Political Economy - Section 1 - Origin and Progress of Hostility to loans at Interest
  • Chapter 19 - Section 2 - Retreat of the Church - Protestant and Catholic
  • Chapter 20 - From the Divine Oracles to the Higher Criticism - Section 1 - The Older Interpretation
  • Chapter 20 - Section 2 - Beginnings of Scientific Interpretation
  • Chapter 20 - Section 3 - The Continued Growth of Scientific Interpretation
  • Chapter 20 - Section 4 - The Closing Struggle
  • Chapter 20 - Section 5 - Victory of the Scientific and Literary Methods
  • Chapter 20 - Section 6 - Reconstructive Force of Scientific Criticism
"In all modern history, interference with science in the supposed interest of religion, no matter how conscientious such interference may have been, has resulted invariably, in the direst evils both to religion and to science; on the other hand, all untrammeled scientific investigation, no matter how dangerous to religion some of its stages may have seemed for the time to be, has invariably resulted in the highest good both of religion and of science."

In these volumes, White chronicles the gradual emancipation of science from theology in various fields.

But White's work has been condemned by modern researchers! Historian of science and agnostic Ronald Numbers has stated, in a collection dealing with inaccuracies made by White and others, "Historians of science have known for years that White's ... accounts are more propaganda than history."

Biographer Albert Bigelow Paine mentioned that this book was one of Mark Twain's favorite books, near the end of his life. Barbara Schmidt, in her TwainQuotes.com says, "Mark Twain referred to Dickson's book saying, 'When you read it you see how those old theologians never reasoned at all'" Twain's personal copy of White's two volumes are heavily marked with his marginalia. - Summary by John Greenman & Wikipedia

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